1.The fear of crime has escalated as well as rates within these past few years. Whether a person is classified as a target or not, the negative impact has been a major concern for people all over the world. The bigger problem is that these suspects are back on the streets once a bond is paid instead of applying help or seeking further actions to reduce the same crime being committed. The issue with criminals once they are placed in jail is that no treatment or help is placed upon them. Many people who are placed in jail have a medical history background and many behaviors are based off of psychological issues. Instead of approaching their issues, they are treated in a neglectful way, no medication is provided to further sustain them, and most are left to suffer from brutality. With no attention to seek, these inmates end up severely sick or they no longer are living.
The corrections field also adopted the medical model during the 1930s, when its emphasis shifted from punishment to treatment. The change was based on the assumption that criminal behavior was the result of physical or environmental aspects of an individuals life, requiring treatment (Clear, Resig, & Cole, 2016). Theoretically, prisons were to become therapeutic communities, where inmates would be rehabilitated to reenter society. Unfortunately, budget constraints limited this change to one of name only; departments of prisons became departments of corrections, but punishment continued to be the reality. Structurally, the system already included parole, probation, and the indeterminate sentence. All that remained to complete the incorporation of the medical model was the addition of a classification system to aid in diagnosis and treatment (Clear et al., 2016).
Crime is seen as a social problem because sociologists further look into the problems that lead criminals to perform the behavior that is displayed. Higher crime rates also look upon where the crime occurs. Sociologists cannot further explain why crime rates rise and fall nor do they have a solution for them. Majority of crimes committed are by personal choice which makes it tough to deescalate the percentage of inmates brought into the criminal justice system.
2. The social problem that I picked was addiction and the service delivery model I chose was the public health model. I choose addition because that is something that I can relate to and totally understand how public health models can help. Public health models I beleive are best to use in a situation because they foucus more on groups and break it down into large groups and small groups. NA and AA meetings are one thing that is a public health service that focus directly on addiction. Within these meetings sometimes they break it down even smaller as in age groups and sometimes gender.